Browsing all articles tagged with overweight

Water Aerobics For Thos With Sore Joints

If you are older and suffer from muscle or joint pain because of a medical condition then water aerobics are definitely an option.  All of the aerobics such as running dancing, walking jumping and jogging can be done in the water as well as on land.  The benefits are similar and there  is less hardship for the heart.



If you are overweight or recovering from an injury or illness that has left you very weak then water aerobics is probably of great benefit to you. It is the type of exercise where you can work at your own pace.  It is also up to you how hard you will work out in the water making it difficult to overdo it.



There are community centers and fitness centers all over the world that have aquatic programs. These exercises, which are usually offered as 45 to one hour mclasses at pools are sometiems known as Aquafit.



A water aerobics routine is structured in much the same way as any other type of fitness routine. There is a warm up, stretching and cooling down period. The exercise session might also include a lot dancing or rhythm tic movements but in water. Sometiems dance steps are also incorporated. In fact, one of the latest treads in aquatic exercise is to offer themed classes with Salsa or Rock N Roll moves.



You can also usually choose between deep water or shallow water aerobic exercise classes. Deep-water aquafit entails the use of floatation devices and is a little more anaerobic as back and stomach muscles are often required to keep you afloat during the routine. In shallow water aerobic exercising the emphasis is more on true aerobic exercise and burning as many calories as furious as you can as  as you splash around in the shallow water. Both types use resistance with flotation devices in order to strengthen muscles.  Foam dumbells might also be used to strengthen the upper arm muscles.


There is also a type of aerobic exercise in the water that is more like a running class. Only instead of running on land you are wearing a life jacket and running for 45 minutes straight. You might also be asked to perform flutter kicks or cycling movements.



A work out in the water can help you lose weight. An average 45 to 55 minute session can help you work off between 450 and 700 calories. This is wonderful news for people on a diet who do not want a great deal of stress on their muscles and bones.


The Causes of High Blood Pressure

If you have high blood pressure than you may be informed that there are two different kinds. There is essential or primary hypertension and there is secondary hypertension.


According to the American Heart Association, there is no single identifiable cause of primary hypertension, but the causes of secondary hypertension are a little more obvious.


However, there are many factors that are well known to cause a case of primary hypertension. These factors include:


Being overweight. It makes sense that the greater your body mass the harder your heart is going to have to work to pump blood. This results in an increase in pressure on the arterial walls.

Sleep apnea – You snore and your windpipe is cut off during brief periods when you stop breathing while you are asleep

Low Activity – Lazing around can also be a factor. If you do not exercise, your heart works harder to pump blood.

Family history or genetics. It is a fact that high blood pressure can often run in particular families.

Tobacco use. Certain chemicals in cigarettes and tobacco can cause damage to blood vessel walls, thereby increasing the work that your heart has to do to pump blood through vessels.

Stress. The heart pounds and creates high blood pressure. Stress also makes people binge on fatty foods.

Sodium intake. Excessive salt intake can result in increased fluid retention, which in turn leads to increased blood pressure.

Potassium intake. Having excessively low levels of potassium can result in elevated levels of sodium in body cells because potassium and sodium seek a natural balance. An imbalance causes an increase in blood pressure.

Excessive alcohol consumption can increase the risk of heart problems; particularly it is continued for a significant period of time.


Secondary hypertension problems are generally caused by pre-existing medical conditions like kidney or renal disease.  If this is the case you are probably already being treated for high blood pressure as part of the condition.  Kidney problems, heart problems and general blood vessel damage are often a consequence of high blood pressure.


Once you have this type of damage it is hard to correct it. It is important to stay fit so that you never develop the symptoms of either primary or secondary hypertension.  Medications prescribed for these include beta-blockers, enzyme inhibitors, diuretics, vasodilators, calcium channel blockers and aspirin.  Most of these drugs are expensive and you might have to take them the rest of your life if the high blood pressure starts to affect your kidneys.